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Submitted: 29 April 2019 Modified: 29 April 2019
HERDIN Record #: 108948-19042913294393

Transformative Scale-Up of the School of Health Sciences, University of the Philippines Manila.

Erlyn A. Sana,
Melfor A. Atienza,
Maria Lourdes Dorothy  S. Salvacion,
Arnold B. Peralta,
Barbara P. Dones,
Jennifer T. Paguio,
Claire D. Pastor,
Carmencita M. David-Padilla

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Background: The School of Health Sciences (SHS), University of the Philippines Manila, established in 1976
offers a one-of-its kind ladder-type, community-based curriculum in health sciences.
Objectives: This study described the SHS curriculum and how it contributed to the transformative scale-up of
the education of health professionals in the Philippines.
Methods: This study is a concurrent transformative mixed method design. Data were collected concurrently
through interviews of university officials, faculty, students, alumni, communities, and partners as well as
observations of review classes and office activities. Quantitative data were collected from school records and
performance ratings of students. From the data emerged the basic principles of primary health care and
community-based education and they were juxtaposed to describe transformative learning of SHS students
and faculty.
Results: All of the 3,481 students admitted from 1976 came from geographically isolated and depressed areas;
more than 95% of the graduates are still in the country and chose to serve the communities. The school's
ladder-type, community-based curriculum produced competent midwives, nurses, and physicians. SHS did not
just transform its students but also the faculty, communities, its partner local, national, and international
agencies, and changed the landscape of community-based education in the region.
Conclusion: SHS produced health professionals who chose to serve the communities. It continues to evolve to
institutionalize primary health care and community-based education.

Publication Type
Publication Sub Type
Journal Article, Original
Project Title
Philippine Journal of Health Research and Development
Philippine Journal of Health Research and Development
Publication Date
January-March 2019
1. Sana, EA . Introductionto Outcome-Based Education: The Philippine HealthProfessions Education Experience. 2015.
2. Tayag, JG . Bringing Health to Rural Communities. 2011.