To determine the prevalence of drug-resistance pulmonary tuberculosis in urban and rural poor communities in the Philippines. Specifically it sought to: (1) determine the extent of INH-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosisin communities where the disease is most common; (2) determine the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices of people residing in the communities and (3) determine the effectivity of other chemotherapeutic drugs and herbal medicines on tuberculosis.
A total of 446 respondents composed of 68 TB symptomatics (rural/urban), 322 contacts/non-contacts (rural/urban), 49 key informants, and 7 service providers from the rural were interviewed for their KAP on tuberculosis. The results showed that the general knowledge of the majority of the responses on the transmission,communicability, symptomatology, and prevention of TB is adequate. However, the grasp of the concept of TB as caused by microorganism is poor. Further, attitude scale showed that the people generally looked at TB in a positive manner. However, if their response to the attitude scale open-ended questions are taken - there is a strong implications that the disease is still regarded by the majority as one with stigma. On the government's efforts to control the disease. They agreed that the different activities in the health center are implemented effectively. Moreover, to the majority, the IEC of the government is successful.Ironically, however, if the government effort was really successful as perceived by the majority, why is it then, that when asked on TB prevention, no respondent had mentioned BCG. Furthermore, when asked on specifics regarding their participation to the activities of the government, the usual response obtained was silence.In this light, it is difficult to assess the impact of the government's effort on the communities studied.